We have a number of ways with which we can increase the power of the engine, as you add more air and fuel into the cylinders in the combustion process. Another option is to add more cylinders or increase existing cylinders, these changes are not always possible or very simple. The second and the most easiest way is using a turbocharger. Turbocharger, turbine turbocharger or whatever you like to call it. Turbocharger is actually the correct name because it is a device that consists of a turbine and compressor parts. When they say turbines, experts in the field would understand that we are talking about the exhaust gases of which energy is converted into mechanical energy. In the auto industry, there are several ways of so-called "boost". The engine burns a mixture of air and fuel, the air entering the engine through the intake manifold of the engine pulled from the surrounding atmosphere pressure difference created by the engine. In order to maximize the amount of air forces we use methods such as superchargers and turbochargers and so. For people who can not deal with the car topics the word 'turbo' is over the past decade mainly associated with diesel engines. The so-called "turbo" era ended in the late 90s and since then until today turbo really is what the vast majority of cases suggests that it is a diesel engine. The first thing we need to clarify the difference between the meanings of words turbocharger and compressor (mechanical compressor). Turbo compressor (turbocharger) are commonly referred to as just the turbo, and english literature is a term used "turbocharger", while the mechanical compressor can still call compressor (using the name Mercedes Kompressor), charger (G Charger - VW) while in england literature mechanical compressors called "supercharger". There are rotary wing compressors, root blower, compressor, screw compressor (G-compressor), turbocharger (turbocharger).
Turbocharger is not a "compressor", but rather a classic "turbo", "turbine", turbocharger. The turbocharger is the assembly consisting of the turbine (the device which rotates the pressure of exhaust gases) and compressors (equipment powered turbine and which presses intake air).
Turbocharger use energy of exhaust gases that are thrown away and the compressor use motor power and thats why turbo is an advantage. The lack of a turbocharger is turbo hole. It's hard to say which is better, but it is obvious that turbocharger founded greater application.
Turbo: turbo blower, turbo, turbocharger
Compressor: mechanical compressor, supercharger
The turbines are used in power generation, aerospace and automotive industries, and what makes it different, of course, performance due to their different tasks, but what connects them is certainly the same layout and working principle. In the auto industry, there are several ways of the so-called "boost" that additional give compaction more air than a natural pressure. The engine burns a mixture of air and fuel, the air entering the engine through the intake manifold of the engine pulled from the surrounding atmosphere pressure difference created by the engine.
Technology has now progressed very well. To be effective, turbocharger must be adapted to the specification and the purpose of the engine that is built, it is to take literally thousands of parameters. Why use turbo instead of a mechanical compressor? All kinds of techniques for increasing engine power have their advantages, but generally speaking, in my opinion, especially in regard to "Performance" engines, turbocharging is the best solution. The advantage of the atmospheric engine before turbo engines in their simple construction and good response to openness of damper forces. The disadvantage is the price and lag (attack power) that can be reduced if we reduce sluggishness that weight moving parts. But compared to the turbo assisted engines, the atmospheric engine is much harder to draw extra power and torque. Engines with mechanical supercharger have a similar response and give good power at all engine speeds, but they are driven directly from the crankshaft. All in all, though you will lose something in the throttle response, turbochargers bring huge benefits in performance, and the relatively easy installation, reliability, and lower costs. In pursuit of power and torque, turbo is „king“.